“Lose weight now, Ask me how” – I see these banners popping up everywhere . And the funny thing is those banner sporters  are overweight themselves and don’t look healthy at all. Should losing weight at any cost be the motto ? Shouldn’t be losing weight but preserving health be more important? That’s what Ayurveda says. Lets see in detail what Ayurveda says about weight loss in Ayurvedic tips for weight loss.
http://www.allaboutayurveda.com/ayurvedic-tips-weight-loss/

What is being  fat according to Ayurveda?

Ayurveda doesn’t consider weight as the most important marker of being fat, because weight could be due to your strong heavy bones , or good concentrated muscles, or yes,  may be due to your fat.  So you cannot rely on weighing machine to give you exact analysis. Ayurvedic measurement for obesity is as simple as it could get- Spheek stan udar lambanam- . When you can see the  flabby overgrowth in your buttocks , breasts and more importantly tummy , you can be sure you are fat . No need of machines calculating fat density in your body .  A mirror is your best friend and the best machine to gauge your unhealthy fat or deciding when to start to worry.

You must worry when your body starts to jiggle. . Lose the jiggle .Fat which is drudh (Toned) is not so harmful. Un toned, loose flab is the thing you must worry about, as “Abaddha meda” is the cause of a lot of diseases.

Ok. Let’s considered you passed this test for being fat, and you need to lose the weight because you are overweight due to extra fat and not due to heavy bones or muscles, so lets go towards the solution to this problem –

 

Ayurvedic tips for weight loss-

1.Eat at Pitta time.

Agni  or digestive fire is strong at that time. It helps to digest the food properly and eliminate toxins .Eating at a time when digestive juices are secreted makes sure that it is utilized properly.That is, 10 am to 2pm in afternoon. Somake lunch your largest meal of the day.

In the evening you should ideally have food before sunset. If that is not possible, keep your goal to eat as close to sunset as possible.Eat as little as you can after sunset.

 2.Crash diets are just fads.

Yes they are. They can do no good to you. They put your body in a panic mode as it thinks that you are starving and the weight is regained as soon as you stop the diet and come to routine. Food is a physical as well as mental and emotional necessity.  In “Food clothing and shelter”, FOOD comes first. Food gives you happiness, and you cannot avoid it. It will just make you miserable, and anything that makes you miserable can’t be continued for long. You might just binge eat when the diet period is over, and regain all the weight you have lost. Eating correctly lifelong henceforth is the correct option. And it is not as difficult as it seems.

3.Counting calories every time you eat is not something which is actually feasible.

Ayurveda has given a simpler way instead. Watch out the tastes of food. Sweet , sour , and Salty are the three tastes which increase kapha and promote weight gain , while Hot (Teekha), bitter, and Astringent (Turat) reduce kapha and promote weight loss. Here bland taste (sweetish neutral taste) is also included in sweet. Rice, wheat are considered in this bland sweetish taste as increasing kapha and causing weight gain. Have them in moderation. “Kuch meetha ho jaye” (let’s have something sweet) is not something we should glamourise in ads.

4.Don’t use food to denote your love for someone. We stuff the people we love with food. We give chocolates to express our love and we throw parties to celebrate. Many times we equate food with love. That’s why it is one of the toughest addiction to come out of. Stop this as early as possible. Politely refuse food if you are not hungry. It’s just food, not love.

5.Eating before the earlier food is digested (Adhyashan ) is a strict no- no.

6.Consider your hunger every time you eat. Overeating is cause of many diseases. While eating, imagine your stomach is divided into four parts -fill two parts with  food ,one part with liquid and keep one part empty .That means don’t eat till you have a sense of fullness . Stop way before that. Two bites extra food  you have eaten every time add up to kilos.

7.Take time to eat slowly. Savor your food. Enjoy it thoroughly. That will satisfy your craving and you will not over eat.

8.Ghee must not be avoided, but be taken in proper amount. One teaspoon per meal will be great. It increases digestive fire and helps in losing weight. Of course don’t binge on it. Moderation is the key

 

9. Have Guru Aptarpan food –

The food which you eat must be heavy enough to satisfy your hunger, be digested slowly so that you don’t get hungry again soon. But still it must be such that it does not provide much food value. This concept is called guru aptarpan prayog and it is the most important mode of treatment for weight loss. If the food is not heavy, it will keep you feeling hungry, causing you to eat more. Vyoshadi saktu is such a very useful guru aptarpan Ayurvedic recipe. You can get vyoshadi saktu from an Ayurvedic doctor and have it as following –

10. Take Vyoshadi saktu  –

Barley is the chief content of Vyoshadi saktu. Besides Barley, it has various herbs for weight loss. We have to prepare a shake out of it. If one part Vyoshadi saktu is taken, 14 parts of water is added and 1 teaspoon oil, 1 tsp ghee, 1 tsp honey is added. Then you have to stir it a lot. You can use mixer for that .Have it as per your hunger. A glass or two is usually enough. It makes you feel full for a long time. You can take this as a substitute for one meal daily until you reach your desired weight. As Barley is one of the most nutritious grains, you can safely have weight loss without side effects, and as it guru , you will not feel hungry like you usually do when you are dieting.

11. Include Millets in your diet –


Image credit- Wikipedia

Millets are long forgotten and not so popular grains, but they are great for weight loss. They reduce kapha as they are not heavy and help in losing weight in long term. Include them in your daily diet as a substitute for wheat, rice etc and see the difference. They are power packed with vitamins, minerals and have a low glycemic index. Some of the useful millets are finger millet (Ragi/Nachani), Little millet (वरी, kutki,) Foxtail millet (राळ,), kodo millet (कोद्रू), Barnyard millet (झान्गोरा) etc.

12.Diet is not something that you do instead of exercise.

Proper weight loss can be done only with a combination of right eating and proper exercise.

Take up the exercise routine only which you can keep up the whole life. Going to gym and working out two hours a day for two months and stopping altogether after you once have achieved your weight loss goal is too bad. This weight loss will come back to you like a boomerang. You throw it away and it will come back to you in no time.

Find out the exercise type you love to do and will be able to continue. Just because someone lost weight by going to gym doesn’t mean that you should do the same thing. Maybe you will love to play tennis, maybe you like swimming, or maybe you could do trekking, or have long walks at beautiful places. Do what suits your personality. That will surely stay. If you are a gym person and like to pump the metal and are sure you can do it always, do go for it. Or you can change exercise type if you get bored by one type of routine.

Don’t make exercise a punishment for your enjoying food, make it feel like reward by mixing it with things you like. Go for swimming one day with your kids, a long stroll in park with your love day the other, a trek with your friends on weekends, or a family outing which includes a hill climb some day. Just keep moving.

13.Afternoon nap is something you must avoid completely.

Only sick people, children and old people must sleep in the afternoon. Especially don’t sleep after a meal.  This rule can be loosened a bit in summer, when you can have a nap in afternoon.

14.Menstrual problems in women must be addressed immediately.

Menstrual cycle is a mirror of balance of Doshas in women. In modern terms you can say that menstrual problems in women signify a hormonal imbalance, which can cause a weight gain which is difficult to lose.   Make sure to get treatment promptly if it is out of whack.

15.Hating your body does not help.

Ayurveda calls Medorog (Morbid obesity) as one of the hardest diseases to treat ,as it needs a lot of determination from the patient. The overweight person himself  is more important than the doctor in treating obesity .A doctor or dietician or fitness trainer or ayurvedic tips for weight loss can do nothing to help you if you yourself are not willing to make a change. So the toughest part in this treatment is having the determination, because it takes a lot of hard work to make lifestyle changes

But be patient, be easy on yourself. Don’t beat yourself up for letting yourself go. Whatever caused you to gain weight is a past. Learn from your mistakes but don’t fret over it. Forget what happened in past, live in present. Don’t be depressed, but keep an optimistic attitude of making a change. Losing weight is not just how many kilos per week .It is an art of modifying your diet and rectifying mistakes which have lead to weight gain in first place.

Find out what you have been doing wrong, by reading the Ayurvedic tips for weight loss given above , and craft out your own personalized plan to weight loss by rectifying your mistakes. Just because something worked for someone, it won’t for you so don’t indulge in fads.  Eating right, exercising correctly and modifying lifestyle will give you a little slow but healthy and steady weight loss.

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Charaka Samhita Sutrasthaan Chapter One-Deerghamjeeveetiya Adhyaya

Let’s start with topic overview in a nutshell first- Contents of the topic are-

Athato deergharmjeeviteeyam adhyayam vyakhyasyaamaha||1||

With holy word atha, I start to describe in detail, the chapter for long life, i.e Deerghamjeeviteey adhyay.

The chapter starts with Ayurveda Avataran (verses 3-40), i.e how Ayurveda came into existence. Since I have already Discussed it in “who wrote Ayurveda and When” , I will not repeat it here.

We will go to the next verses-

Trisutra Ayurveda (Three types of verses in Ayurveda)

Hetu ling aushadh dnyaanam swasthaatur paraayanam|

Trisutram shashwatam punyam bubudham yam pitamaha||24||

Ayurveda which was recalled by Bramha contains three types of knowledge (Dnyaan) sutras (verses)

1. Hetu Sutra (Causes)

2. Linga Sutra (symptoms)

3. Aushadh sutra (medicines).

Hence it is called Trisutra (one which contains three types of verses.) Trisutra is an important word used many times to endorse Ayurveda.

It is of utmost use and the best way of life for healthy people as well as sick people. Here it is notable that here and throughout in Ayurveda always mention of health and preventive aspects come first.

It is called Shashwat (one which stays forever) – we have experienced this, as even after 2500 years of being written it has survived and is useful and gaining popularity as it is based on eternal principles which will never change.

It is called Punya as it is the fruit of good deeds in the past by mankind. Also it gives Punya to vaidya who practises it. I.e the doctor who practises it to heal patients gets rewarded in some form or other.

Definition of Ayurveda

Hitahitam sukham dukham Ayustasya hitahitam|

Maanam cha taccha yatroktam ayurvedaha sa uchyate||41||

Ayurveda is the knowledge of what is good for an Aayu and what is bad, what gives happiness and what doesn’t and about the statistics of Aayu. So, what is Aayu?-

Definition of Aayu

Sharir Indriya satva aatma sanyogo Dhaari Jeevitam|

Nityagascha Anubandhashcha paryayai Aayu uchyate||42||

The combination of body, senses, mind, and soul is called Aayu. It is also known by – the names Dhaari, Jeevitam, Nityaga, and Anubandh.

This is a very beautiful definition of what Ayurveda is set out to protect- not just physical body, but our senses, our mind, our soul too.

Body without any of these is just a cadaver.

By these two definitions, we can say that Ayurveda is the manuscript for living a healthy and happy life.

Thus, after explaining how Ayurveda came into existence, the goal of Ayurveda and what is it set to protect is explained as this is the first chapter of the whole samhita.

Then come the most important principles of Ayurveda-

Saamanya Vishesh Nirupan

Sarvadaa sarva bhaavaanam saamaanyam vruddhi kaaranam |

Rhaashetu visheshashcha pravruttir ubhayasya tu||44||

The principles of Ayurvedic treatment are given in a very micro, concise form here-The substances, properties of substances and actions all increase due to similar things and decrease due to dissimilar, opposing things- For treatment, you have to use either way of these .( increase or decrease)

Sounds like a no big deal, isn’t it? – But whole Ayurvedic treatment is based on it and if you master this simple thing, you can treat any disease- even not necessary to give it a name.

References- (pravruttir ubhayasya tu)(pravrutti- Pratikarma samarambha|Tasya lakshanam bhishagaushadh aatur paricharakanam kriyasamaayogaha||charaka vimansthaan 8-129)

Bhaavas= Dravya (substances), Gunas- Properties, & Karmas- Actions- Bhavanti sattam anubhavanti iti bhaavaa dravya guna karmaani ityarthaha.

Homeopathy uses first half of the verse – Similia similibus curateur- same cures same.

And allopathy uses the second half- treatment by using opposites.

This verse says Ayurveda uses both of these principles according to diseases. — Great men think alike… After all, helping humanity live a healthy happy life is the goal of all pathies 🙂

The most part of rest of the adhyaya (topic) is devoted to explanation in detail the components of this single verse.

  • The meanings of Saamanya, vishesh,
  • the Bhaavas- Dravyas, Gunas, Karmas,
  • the reasons of Vruddhi and rhaas of Doshas, i.e the saamanya and vishesh for Doshas,
  • the definition of Pravrutti- Treatment,
  • and the praise of one who does this correctly- the praise of a good physician , etc are explained further in the topic, which we will see in detail in my next post.

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Doesn’t Ayurveda have something like ***vital?

I'm_tired_(NYPL_Hades-1927915-1956565) 

One more question I regularly get.

 How could people not ask this question?

We get stuck in the rut of work whole week.

Weekends are not much different, only it’s a labour of love on Weekends . Shopping, Pending works, taking kids for a ride, etc, etc

And also we have to enjoy ourselves …enjoy the nature, go hiking and  so many things we like to do which we wait for sunday to come.. I wonder that even if half days of week were Sundays; the problem of less time and more things to do would not have been solved…

NOW WHERE DO WE BRING SO MUCH ENERGY FROM? So, many people get into the routine of randomly popping over the counter pills like xxvital , yyyoxid etc. These products might have benefits but they do not solve the problem completely.

Then they turn to so called Ayurveda and drink glasses of juices every day on empty stomach when returning from morning walk.Karela, Neem and whatever. These are medicines which you are gulping down by glasses my dears and not food products. Medicines need to be taken in a prescribed dosage and not abused like this. Some of them are not even medicines and just products of misconception. Karela and Jamun are not the treatment for diabetes. So when none of these is working and people still feel tired, then there comes the question for me…Any supplements in Ayurveda?

Now Ayurveda is a highly personalised science. It usually does not believe in “one size fits all “type solutions. But here it has made a small exception. A wonder medicine called RASAYANA. I said small exception, because even rasayanas can be personalised but there are a few Rasayanas which anyone can take.

Now what is a Rasayana?

Swasthasya ojaskaram yat, Tad vrushyam tad rasayanam.|

Charaka chikitsasthaan 1-5

The medicines which increase the Oja (Energy of life) in a healthy person are called Vrushya, and also Rasayan.

Now this was exactly what we were looking for, isn’t it? Let’s get to know some more properties of Rasayanas-

Deergham aayuhu smruti medha aarogyam tarunam vayaha|

Prabha varna swaraudarya dehendriya balam param ||7||

Vaaksidhim pranati kaanti labhate naa rasaayanat|

Laabhopayo hi shastaanam rasadina rasaayanam||8||

Charaka chikitsasthaan- 1-7, 8.

Meaning :- The person who takes Rasayan , gets-

Long life

Intellect

Memory

Health

Youth

Radiance

Complexion

Good voice

Strength

Now this looks like a wonder drug, isn’t it. What else could we ask for? I even can imagine some of my friends drooling (girls especially… radiance, complexion J
J )

Now what is this magic drug that you Ayurveda people are hiding from us? But alas, no magic drugs. Magic drugs are just what they sound like… Fishy.

There is one Rasayana that nearly all of you have heard about. Lo and behold, here I tell its name… Bring your ear here……

“CHYAWANPRAASH”

Disappointed? Don’t be.

This simple jam is a remedy we all know for ages is power packed with everything you need to be rejuvenated. Yes we can call it a jam, because it is made of fruit.  J

080716_0318_DoesntAyurv1.jpg

It’s main ingredient is aamalki( aawla, Aamla,Gooseberries). It contains lot other medicines . Taking it daily will give you many of above benefits.

Now why am I saying many and not all? Because the Chyavanprash we get nowadays is not exactly as it was told in texts. A lot of its ingredients are not even available today .And also many commercial companies use Pumpkin in it instead of Aamla…The Rejuvinative effects of Aamla are proven even in this modern era. Now if the main ingredient is missing what else can we expect but for it to not be so effective? But there is a solution. You can buy it from some trusted Ayurveda physician who has made it himself.

And there is one more important word- REGULARLY J
J. Most of us take it for a small period and leave it. That’s not the way to take it.

Chyawanprash is not the only Rasayana mentioned in Ayurveda. There are many more like Bramha rasayana, Agastiprash etc and they are even available commercially.

Some other Rasayan are there which are specifically mentioned for people with specific problems, like Pippali rasayan for asthma etc. But these need to taken under medical supervision.

So, feeling tired even after reading long articles?…… Take a Rasayana daily. J


Who wrote Ayurveda and when ?


Many a times, I get this curious question from my curious friends and I really get confused as to how to answer this in short..

This question’s answer might be expected to be straightforward and simple like who is the writer of Harry Potter etc, but in case of Ayurveda we can’t say so. J

Ayurveda is not a single book. It is a complete system of medicine with many textbooks. These textbooks are called Samhitas.

These Samhitas discuss Nearly all branches of Medicine,and also Surgery, Pharmacology etc.

These writers were sages from ancient India who were selfless and haven’t even mentioned their full names on these texts as authors.

There is also a speculation that these books were not written by single writers but were written and modified by a lot of people over a thousand year period ,generation after generation.

To name a few Ayurveda authors, Agnivesh, Drudhbal , and Charak are a few authors who created and edited Charak samhita. There is a controversy about whether Charak was a single person or it was a branch of wandering sages named Charak ,as Charak means one who travels.

There are similar controversies about authorship of nearly all texts of Ayurveda as these texts are so old that we are lucky even to have them intact and in a usable form, let alone knowing exact authors.

Similarly, there are Sushrutsamhita , Ashtanghriday, Bhavprakash and a lot more books. The name of their chief author is denoted in name of these books themselves many times.

So collectively to answer this question rationally, by believing historians ,We can say,Agnivesh, Drudhbal,Charak, Dhanvantari Divodas, Sushruta,Vagbhat, Vruddha Vagbhat, Kashyap, Bhel, Bhavprakash , Sharangdhar were some of the prominent writers of Ayurveda ,and most part of it was written from 600 B.C(Charaka) i.e 2600 years ago to 200 A.D( Vagbhata) i.e 1800 yrs ago.The latest important work in Ayurveda was by Bhavprakash in 1600 A.D, though there was not much work from 10 th to 16 th century.

If you don’t believe in existence of Gods,the Divinity of Vedas etc, you can stop reading here.. You have got your answers. J.

But those who believe, keep reading on..

Samhitas say that Ayurveda was not written by human beings.

“Brahma Smrutvayusho Vedam ……”,says Vaghbhat, meaning Bramha recalled Ayurveda.

Arundatta says the words – “Smartrutvam eva atra na kartrutvam”.(It was recalled, and not created), meaning, even Bramha didn’t create it . It was just recalled by him.

It is an Upa-Veda of Atharva Veda.

So, how did it reach us then?

It was given by Lord Indra to humans.

Why? Because a sage named Maharshi Bharadwaj went to him as a represantative of sages who were united at the foothills of Himalayas in a conference to solve the problem of increased prevalence of diseases in mankind.

Bharadwaj asked for help from Lord Indra, to relieve suffering humanity, and Lord Indra taught him Ayurveda as an answer. Bharadwaj was sent to Indra, because he volunteered to do so, as well as he was one of the brightest Sages present at that time.

After Bharadwaj returned, he gave his knowledge to all Sages present there. Out of them Punarvasu Atreya gave this knowledge to his 6 disciples. Agnivesh was his brightest student who wrote Agnivesh samhita which was later modified to be the oldest Ayurveda text which is still available, the Charaka Samhita.

Lord Indra had received the knowledge from Ashwinikumars, who received it from Daksha Prajapati, who in turn had received it from Bramha.



In short, Ayurveda doesn’t have an author. It is eternal.. Even Gods didn’t create it. It exists by itself. So it doesn’t have a time of being written.

So these are the two answers to the question. Which one to believe in is your choice..  


Introduction to Charak samhita

Hello friends,This is my first post on this blog and I am very happy to share it with you all..

This post is about Charak samhita. Charak samhita is the ancient text of Ayurveda. It forms the base of theoretical part and fundamentals of Ayurveda.It is a Part of Brihattrayee i.e the three big/most important texts of Ayurveda. The details about who wrote it, and who edited it will all come in due course as they come in the text itself. The only thing I would  like to tell you  is that they were created by selfless Rishis of India. These Rishis were so selfless that they didn’t expect anything in return of their favor to mankind. They didn’t even mention their full name, address etc. They did not get any material benefit.. They did it only to help us.. the poor suffering mankind..

The period of writing these texts is also not clear. There are many guesses about it but most widely accepted view is that they are about 2500 years old. Now something to survive and to be in use for so long it must be a timeless gospel truth ,isn’t it?

I plan to translate and explain  Charak samhita verse by verse. This is a very time-consuming process as it is very vast (Read endless 🙂 ) as well as difficult to translate as it is in Sanskrit language.( Read difficult for me, not for you 🙂 )

I am also going to give translation of the famous commentary Ayurved deepika by Chakrapanidatta along with it.

( It feels very funny as well as rude to call these great souls just by their first name , but calling them Sir chakrapani will seem funnier , so I will stick to just Chakrapanidatta . 🙂

Though this translation is mainly meant for physicians I will try to keep the language simple so that anyone who is interested can understand, because though the medicine part must be reserved for qualified doctors, I believe that everyone has a right to benefit from prevention part, and to improve the quality of their life.(Don’t blame me if you feel guilty while stuffing wrong food down your throat after reading my blog 😉 )

** Beware, very lengthy info**. 😉 If you are allergic to detailed lengthy  information run away at this moment. or if you would permit, i may prescribe an anti allergic ayurvedic medicine if you would like so that you benefit from reading this eternal science 🙂

Charak samhita has eight sthanaas.It means the text is divided into eight places or sections. Sthaan literally means place. The total number of chapters in Charak samhita is 120.The eight sthaanas are

1.Sutra sthaan

It contains 30 topics. Sutra means thread. It means sutra sthaan is the thread which connects all ayurveda together.Sutra also means something which is told in short and is the summary of a large text. The sutra sthaan is designed such that you get a general idea of whole ayurveda so that when you go to next Sthaanas you at least get a general idea of what is being said.The Sutra Sthaan is further divided into Chatushkas but I will come to it someday later as it is getting very complicated for a beginner 😉 in short, Sutrasthana deals with –

how Ayurveda came into existence,

its fundamental principles,

the guidelines for a healthy life,

how to change your diet and lifestyle to suit the changing seasons,

what are the most important things to do in a day ,

How, when and how much food should be taken,

the virtues of a good physician,

 the elements necessary for succesful treatment of diseases and for being a succesful vaidya (physician),

Main theories of Ayurvedic treatment,

important combinations of medicines(mahakashay),

and a few important ailments,

and much much more..

2.Nidan sthaan

It contains 8 chapters about causes and diagnosis of diseases.It describes the symptoms, causes, premonitions and prognosis of 8 important diseases. The interesting thing is that it is explained whether a disease is easily curable, difficult to cure or incurable so that a vaidya understands that if a disease is not getting cured it is his fault of improper treatment or the disease is innately difficult to treat.

3.Viman sthaan-

8 chapters containing the maan i.e normal quantity/amount/attributes of  doshas, medicine,desha(environment/body), seasons, power,immunity, diet,saatmya(which means habituating), emotional strength, physique and age.It also deals with medical ethics, training of physicians etc and an important topic about rasa(tastes)

4.Shaarir Sthaana

Shaarir means anatomy. Ayurvedic Anatomy not only deals with visible anatomy but also with how humans came into existence and how an embryo takes live form. It states that human body consists of a body, a soul, a mind , five senses(which are different from the five physical sense organs i.e the immaterial organs which let us gain knowledge obtained by physical sense organs, and the five karmendriyas.It explains anatomy,embryology, and measures to get a healthy progeny.

5. Indriya Sthaana

The fifth Sthaana in Charaka Samhita is Indriya sthaana. It contains 12 topics

It deals with mainly inauspicious signs about a patient’s health. Signs which show a patients bad prognosis and mostly signs and symptoms about patients impending death. They are called the arishta laxanas meaning signs of impending doom. Literally Arishta means a disaster.

6. Chikitsa Sthaana

Chikitsa Sthaana means a section which describes treatment of diseases. It contains 30 subsections.

The Chikitsa Sthaana describes the Chapters for Rasayan and Vaajikaran before starting treatment of diseases.

Rasayana means Rejuvinative treatment, which helps in prevention of diseases. Charaka samhita emphasises that we should try to avoid diseases by taking these daily health supplements, which are described to be taken according to your body type.

Vaajikaran comes after Rasayana and means Aphrodisiac treatment. Though this is most advertised aspect of Ayurveda nowadays, it is clearly mentioned that these should be given only to people who have a good control over their mind and its main use is to have healthy progeny and more number of offsprings as it was considered important to have more children in those days.

After Rasayana and Vaajikaran in four chapters, treatment of various diseases is given in the remaining chapters. Jwar (Fever) is the first and largest topic and it covers all sorts of infective diseases. Ayurveda does not separately list all fever causing diseases like modern medicine but considers them as one disease ‘Fever’ and separate treatments are given as per nature of Fever. E.g. separate treatment for continuous fever, intermittent fever, etc.  Also separate medicines are explained for fever with Diarrhoea, Fever with cough and so on, so automatically most infective diseases get covered in the topic fever. But diseases like cough, fever are again explained in other separate topics because they are many times present even without fever.

Treatment of rest all diseases are explained in further topics.

7. Kalpa Sthaana

 

It contains 12 topics.  The medicines needed for the two important karmas, of Panchakarmas, i.e. treatments – Vaman and Virechan are explained in this section.

8. Siddhisthaan

 

It contains 12 topics which deal with the Vyaapadas i.e. the problems which can occur while doing the panchakarma treatments and how to prevent and treat them if they occur.

It also deals with the importance of protection of Trimarmas i.e. the three most important organs of the body, i.e. Head (brain), Heart and Bladder. By bladder whole urinary system is taken into consideration. And we too see in practice, that most deaths occur due to failure of one of these three organs

 

 

Charaka Samhita is written in Sutras i.e concise shlokas to make it easy for learning by heart as in those days paper and printing was not available. The meaning of these concise sutras was expected to be taught by Guru to his Disciples. We are far luckier as we can just open the book and find the references .

The first step in understanding the samhita was to learn it first, and then detailed knowledge was given after the disciple could recite the whole text.

The important commentaries on Charaka samhita are-

Ayurved Deepika- Chakrapani-1066 A.D

Charaka Nyas-Bhattar Harichandra-400-600 A.D

Nirantarpadvyakhya-Jejjat 875 A.D

Charaktattvapradipika-1460 A.D

Jalpakalpataru-1879 A.D

Out of these, Ayurved Deepika by Chakrapani is the most famous one.

I have explained how Charaka samhita came into existence in my post

Dridhabala rewrote nearly one third of the Charaka samhita as it had been lost. He wrote 17 topics of Chikitsa sthaana and complete Kalpa sthaana and Siddhi Sthhaana.

Here I complete the introduction to Charaka Samhita .